嘉定微型街区

Jiading Mini Block

  • 规划|Planning

  • 建筑|Architecture

  • 上海|Shanghai, China

  • 2020

  • 规划|Planning
  • 建筑|Architecture
  • 上海|Shanghai, China
  • 2020

典型的中国街区
在中国近几十年的城市化进程中,一个典型的城市街区尺度已成长至大于500米见方。作为以车为本的规划理念的产物,同时又被高速发展所加持,这些所谓的“超级街区”很大程度上削弱了城市的宜居性,降低了居民的步行便利性,也让社区之间、住宅区与公共文化设施之间产生隔阂;从环境角度,这种类型的城市化也与高碳排量挂钩。

为街区“瘦身”
我们受委托设计一个位于上海嘉定的高科技工业园区,并将其视作一个调整城市空间规模和街区尺度的机会,力争创造更适宜的密度和更亲切的社区。我们将街区尺度设计为被10米宽的道路分隔的40 x 40米地块。每个街区都只设有一栋设计独特的建筑;每栋建筑首层的外围均配有3米宽的有顶廊道,类似于传统的骑楼(即带柱廊的人行道),旨在为步行者提供遮阴避雨的同时又增进人们与半室外空间与街道的联系。这种拒绝退线的街区设计手法保证了街墙界面的完整性,以此重塑城市肌理。非常建筑设计了22个这样的微型街区,同时也为周边的其他区域提出了设计准则。

Typical Chinese Block
In the urbanization in China in the recent decades, the size of an urban block begins from approximately 500x500 meters. These so-called mega-blocks are the outcome of an automobile-oriented planning and necessitated by the tendency for fast development. However, when livability is at concern, the over-scale of urban block reduces people’s walkability in the city and cuts off the connections between communities as well as between residential quarters and social-public amenities and cultural facilities. Environmentally, this type of urbanization produces high-carbon cities.

Re-sizing Block
When commissioned to design a high-tech industrial park in the district of Jiading in Shanghai, we take it as an opportunity to adjust the scales of urban spaces, specifically blocks and streets, aiming at achieving a more appropriate density and a more friendly neighborhood. We set the dimensions of a block at 40x40 meters with a 10-meter wide street between blocks. Each block is occupied by a single building with a unique architectural design although every building has a 3-meter wide covered walkway wrapped around the ground level, echoing the traditional practice of Qilou (colonnade over sidewalk), to facilitate pedestrians, especially during days with rain or excessive sun, and to generate more interaction with the buildings and the streets. The mini-block urban design approach also enforces the completeness of street-walls without setbacks and restores a sense of the city fabric as a result. FCJZ designed 22 blocks. The rest are designed by other architects’ firms by following the guidelines produced by us.

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